“Pages of History” features excerpts from the News Journal archives, including the Wilmington Morning News and The Evening Journal.

September 26, 1957, Wilmington Morning News

Bayonets quietly squeeze Little Rock; High school integrated by the iron fist

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. – Nine black students participated in their first full day of integrated classrooms at Central High School yesterday, guided to and from class by veteran U.S. Army paratroopers.

Intimidated by the show of military force with bayonets at school, the town remained calm last night.

There were minor disturbances by white crowds of non-students outside the two-block square school during the day. But inside, a careful harmony reigned in the classrooms and the corridors. White and black students shared lunch tables in the cafeteria….

The students of both races exchanged smiles, talked to each other, and made shy gestures of friendship. Attempts were also made to pressure other white students to boycott integrated classes.

Throughout the day, white troops from the 101st Airborne surrounded the vast buff brick school. They were part of a 1,000-man task force flown to Little Rock yesterday from Fort Campbell, Ky., after President Eisenhower invoked the power of the federal government to support court-ordered segregation….

September 27, 1960, Wilmington Morning News

Nixon and Kennedy challenge American power in the first broadcast of the presidential debate

CHICAGO — Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy squared off in an unprecedented face-to-face debate last night over how to keep the United States strong enough to withstand the threat of communist Russia.

Kennedy said, “I don’t think we’re doing enough” to move the nation forward. “As an American, I’m not happy with the progress we’re making.”

Nixon retorted, “We are ahead of the Russians” and asserted that the program Kennedy advocated to spur the nation’s economic growth “will lead to the stagnation of the driving force we so badly need in this country.”

Front page of the Wilmington Morning News for September 27, 1960.

An estimated 60 million to 100 million Americans – half the country’s population – tuned in to their televisions and radio stations for the first head-on debate in modern history between the two presidential candidates. The only comparable clash between high-level political leaders occurred 102 years ago in that same state of Illinois, when Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglass – then campaigning for the Senate – debated issues of human slavery and freedom on the eve of civil war….

At no point during the hour-long show did the issue of Kennedy’s Roman Catholic religion come into the discussion….

Catch up on the story:News Journal Archives, week of May 22

September 29, 1941, Wilmington Morning News

HG Wells gives the formula for peace

LONDON — HG Wells, a British author and historian, yesterday proposed to world leaders in science an international language, federal control of all natural resources and sweeping social and economic reforms for the post-war world.

Page 5 of the Wilmington Morning News, September 29, 1941.

The creator of the fictional Invisible Man and the Martian Invasion told the British Association for the Advancement of Science that “if there is to be peace on Earth from now on, there must be federal control of science. ‘air and international transport equipment’.

“Next,” he said, “we must save our planet from devastation through ruthless political and mercenary appropriation….”

He said that could be done by adopting a plan by Gifford Pinchot, former Pennsylvania governor and outspoken conservationist, for federal conservation of the world’s resources.

“Third,” Wells said, “we must impose as basic law on Earth a clear bill of human rights that will assure every human an equitable participation in these resources and a sense of responsible ownership of our planet.”

Williams is hitting .406 for the season

PHILADELPHIA — Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox yesterday became the first player in the American League to hit .400 for a season since 1923 when Harry Heilman hit .403 for Detroit. Bill Terry was the last National League player to hit the trick, hitting .401 for the Giants in 1930.

Page 19 of Wilmington Morning News, September 29, 1941.

Making six hits on eight at-bats as the Red Sox and Athletics split a doubleheader, Williams finished with a .406 rating.

Boston won Game 1, 12-11, and Game 2 was called due to darkness after eight innings with the A’s leading, 7-1….

Delaware Baseball News:Shockley’s prolific life in baseball was highlighted by the Georgetown World Series win

September 30, 1922, The Evening Journal

Company News

Christopher L. Ward Jr., a Rhodes Scholar from Delaware, who spent the summer with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. CL Ward, here, will leave for England on October 5 to resume his studies.

Mr. and Mrs. CPM Rumford have returned from a trip to the New England States. Their daughter, Miss Generva Rumford, is in Andover, Mass., where she attends Abbot Academy.

Page 16 of the evening newspaper of September 30, 1922.

Miss Katherine Hilles left yesterday for Long Island, where she will spend a week with friends.

Mrs. Charles A. Patterson and her daughter Margaret are back from Yama Farms in the Catskills…..

Captain William H. Haley and Joseph A. Haley returned from a fishing trip to the lower part of the state. They showed a whole string of fish to their friends.

Mrs. Madison H. Elliott, of Roselle, returned home after being a patient at St. Agnes Hospital in Philadelphia.

Contact reporter Ben Mace at [email protected]